The OpenADR research has been carried out by LBNL Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) which is managed by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Over six years of research, development, and demonstration have led to this standard development process. The initial goal of the OpenADR research was to explore the feasibility of developing a low cost communications infrastructure to improve the reliability, repeatability, robustness, and cost-effectiveness of demand response (DR) in commercial buildings. One key research question was: Could today's technology be used to automate the response of commercial and industrial buildings to standardized electricity price and reliability signals? The research was funded by the California Energy Commission's (CEC) Public Interest Energy Research Program (PIER).